Symptoms and treatment of foot fungus (mycosis)

healthy feet after toenail fungus treatment

Foot mycosis is a dermatological disease diagnosed in more than 70% of the population, especially men. It is easy to catch a fungal infection, one contact with a sick person or an infected surface or object is enough. For a long time, it was believed that foot fungus does not need to be treated, but this is a wrong assumption.

Soon the patient began to feel discomfort when walking and an unpleasant smell. In addition, the appearance of the feet deteriorates, and if treated incorrectly, the beauty of the skin is lost forever. In order to detect the problem in time and carry out adequate therapy, we will consider this disease in more detail.

Pathological causes and types

Transmissible mycosis is usually caused by an ascomycete (dermatophyte) fungus. Transmission of pathogenic microflora is real when in contact with it.

peeling skin on the feet with fungus

Many people have a strong immune system that overcomes this disease, but there are factors that contribute to rapid infection:

  • Walking in other people's shoes or barefoot - swimming pools, saunas, gyms are hotbeds of infection. If you step on such a floor, the fungus will immediately go to the healthy skin;
  • Leg injuries - with open wounds, fungal infections are easier to penetrate into the body and start active reproduction. To prevent this from happening, you need to treat any damage with an antiseptic;
  • Professional factors - people who work in bathrooms, swimming pools, coal mining and other enterprises are at high risk of infection;
  • Dermatological diseases - eczema, psoriasis, etc. ;
  • Excessive sweating of the feet - a moist and warm environment is an ideal place for infections to breed;
  • Reduced immunity - a weak body cannot resist the development of pathology. Especially often the fungus affects the elderly who suffer from atherosclerosis, diabetes, hallux valgus, HIV, etc. ;
  • Wearing synthetic shoes - closed and tight shoes are ideal breeding grounds for fungal spores;
  • Somatic diseases and disorders of the endocrine system;
  • Uncontrolled treatment with immunosuppressants, antibacterial, cytostatic and glucocorticoid drugs, which have adverse effects on the body;
  • The use of contaminated tools for pedicure and manicure - in some salons, the cleanliness of the equipment used is neglected, and healthy people can pick up fungus;
  • Hypothermia in the legs.

People who are overweight and have poor blood circulation in the limbs are also prone to this disease. Constant depression, the presence of bad habits, antibiotic treatment are factors that trigger the weakening of the immune system, and as a result, the development of mycosis.

Varieties of athlete's foot

The type of fungal disease is determined by the symptoms, usually they are pronounced. At first, inflammation and itching appear, then the skin cracks and peels.

itchy feet with fungus

In dermatology, 4 forms of the disease are distinguished, which are caused by different types of fungi:

  • Dermatophytosis (interdigital mycosis)- this type is the most common. At first, the fold between the fourth and fifth toes is affected, then the infection spreads to the rest of the foot. The wet form is characterized by swelling of the skin, while the dry form is characterized by peeling and falling from the dermis. Often, dermatophytosis develops together with other bacterial infections, from which the disease develops into a neglected form. Over time, the symptoms increased, the person complained of severe pain, which could not be eliminated. Cracked skin bleeds, which causes additional suffering. At the psychological level, the patient tears it, giving rise to a new infection;
  • Dyshidrotic mycosis- it is characterized by the appearance of erosion and rash. Pathology is transmitted only through contact with a sick person, therefore it is rarely diagnosed on the feet. If left untreated, against the background of negative effects of pathogenic organisms, mycotic eczema develops. The vesicular form is accompanied by constant burning, itching, swelling of the legs, and sometimes increased body temperature. Mild forms of pathology are quickly eliminated if the bacterial infection does not join;
  • advanced skin fungus on the feet
  • Hyperkeratotic fungus- at an advanced stage, the patient has a deep crack, and the skin is damaged up to the ankle. At the beginning of development, the patient does not see external manifestations of pathology, there is no pain and itching, sometimes small cracks, peeling and redness can be seen. If no action is taken, the form soon develops into dyshidrotic;
  • Mycosis is erased- the patient does not complain about anything, there is barely noticeable itching and peeling of the epidermis between the fingers. These people are the source of infection, because they are not aware of the symptoms. This disease is caused by fungi of the genus Candida, the development period of pathogenic microflora is 14 days. Often, even without therapy, mycosis disappears on its own.

Most often, onychomycosis is diagnosed, where the fungus is localized on the nail plate. Keratinized parts break and change color. Without adequate therapy, the nail is destroyed, and an open wound forms in its place.

How to recognize mycosis

The classic form of ringworm is accompanied by a slight thickening of the skin and redness. The affected areas are shiny, they show an enhanced pattern. Dry surface, scales and furrows are observed. Most often, the pathology begins its development from the fold between the third and fourth fingers. Further, the fungal infection spreads to other interdigital spaces, the soles of the feet, and the back of the feet.

toenail fungus symptoms

Important!

The main signs of mycosis are itching, burning, peeling, discoloration of the skin layer, excessive sweating. If you have at least two symptoms, it is better to see a doctor.

The course of the deleted pathology shows itself quite weakly, and sometimes there are no signs at all. The squamous form is accompanied by the formation of large amounts of scales. With dyshidrotic mycosis, the skin is severely dehydrated, which causes deep cracks to appear on the feet. The intertriginous form is characterized by diaper rash, and the hyperkeratotic form is characterized by active keratinization of the skin.

In summary, mycosis can be suspected by the following signs:

  • sweaty feet, the appearance of an unpleasant smell;
  • cracks between fingers;
  • minor cuts and erosions;
  • dryness of the epidermis, cracking, peeling;
  • severe itching, the patient often scratches the affected area to blood;
  • redness and burning;
  • the luster of the skin, its thickening, the appearance of whitish scales;
  • small bubbles with clear liquid;
  • often the fungus is accompanied by the destruction of the nail plate (onychomycosis).

The severity of symptoms varies in intensity. Patients may notice only some of the above signs, for example, peeling feet and itching. In the neglected form, blisters appear, the infected surface begins to itch strongly, the skin peels, and deep cracks appear. It is easier to deal with pathogenic microflora in the early stages, therefore, if the most insignificant signs of fungus are detected, you should immediately see a doctor.

Pathological diagnosis

Dermatologists deal with the treatment of toenail fungus. If necessary, the doctor may involve other specialists. The first step is to interview the patient and examine the affected area. For effective therapy, it is important to determine the type of pathogen, at this stage nail and skin samples are taken. According to the anamnesis, a general diagnosis is made, and to make sure it is correct, the doctor sends the patient for additional laboratory tests.

How to cure athlete's foot

Mostly, antifungal drugs are used to treat mycosis. They can destroy the infection completely or slow its progression. Creams, ointments, aerosols and gels effectively heal, disinfect the skin, kill mycosis-causing agents and relieve unpleasant symptoms.

A popular remedy for the local treatment of fungus

In most cases, dermatologists prescribe the drug:

  • A quick spray kills infections and disinfects clothes and shoes well. Suitable for the prevention and treatment of plantar, nail mycosis and scabies on the palms;
  • Balm is an inexpensive medicine that can get rid of fungus on any part of the body. The natural composition allows you to use it during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The active ingredient irritates the skin, so the ointment is used with caution;
  • Antibacterial creams are often used to treat fungus and lichen. The drug heals cracks, normalizes the function of sweat glands, initiates tissue regeneration;
  • A medicine based on tea tree oil that relieves pain, itching and local temperature. To prevent infection, feet and hands are lubricated with the product after visiting public places;
  • An antiseptic spray used to treat nails, hands and feet. It contains aggressive components, so you can use the product after the age of 3 years;
  • Oil - effective against mycosis of the interdigital area, and is also used to go through pathological forms. Oil softens, restores, relieves swelling and itching. This tool is more suitable for prevention;
  • Medicine with antifungal and antiseptic action. Relieves itching and swelling immediately after the first use. The solution is added to the bath. Course - 7 days, 1 time a day. As an analogue, you can take potassium permanganate;

The drug is most often used to treat foot fungus. If there is no improvement after 2 weeks, the doctor prescribes antifungal tablets and injections.

Tablets for oral administration

In addition to local treatment, pathology requires the use of stronger drugs that act from the inside. Usually they are prescribed in advanced cases, when ointments and gels are ineffective. Tablets increase immunity, destroy the mycelium in the body, and contribute to quick recovery.

Important!

You can not prescribe medicine yourself, such actions will only harm. The correct treatment is determined solely by the doctor.

Advanced stages require systematic therapy, which may include alternative recipes.

Fungus treatment at home

Using medicines, you can increase their therapeutic effect with folk recipes.

therapeutic bath for athlete's foot

Proven methods to treat foot fungus at home:

  • Celandine- decoction of this plant helps a lot from mycosis. To cook, you need to take 4 tablespoons. l. raw materials, pour 1 liter of boiling water and cook for 3 minutes. Soak your feet in the liquid for half an hour. Bathing is done 3 weeks in a row every day;
  • Tar soap or birch tar- kills bacteria, relieves inflammation, relieves symptoms. The problem area is treated with foam and left for 4-5 minutes. Next, the soap is washed off and a cream containing zinc is used. The course of treatment is 14 days. Birch tar is applied to the steamed legs, treated with pumice stone, left for 1. 5 hours, washed with a napkin, but not washed. This procedure is repeated every 2 days for 1-2 weeks;
  • Butter with garlic- to prepare a paste, garlic is crushed into a pulp and mixed with oil 1: 1. Lubricate the affected area with the resulting mass 2 times a day until all symptoms disappear;
  • Sour cream- dairy products are used to relieve itching. You can make a compress from it or just spread it on the infected area;
  • Vinegar- take 0. 5 liters of vinegar (9%), heat it up to 40 degrees, pour it into any container and soak your feet there. The material should not come into contact with healthy areas. After the procedure, the feet do not need to be washed, they are wiped with wine vinegar and put on socks;
  • Instant coffee- they are sprinkled with cracks between the fingers and left for a while. You can also brew liquor and soak your feet in it before going to bed.

There are many methods to combat mycosis, but the main thing in the treatment is the right preparations and folk recipes.

Disease prevention

To avoid fungal infections, it is enough to follow a few rules. This is especially true for people who serve in the army, work in mines, often visit baths and pools, because it is very easy to get infected in those places.

foot hygiene to avoid skin fungus

Important!

Even if the fungus has been cured, it can return. To avoid recurrence, you need to follow the prevention recommendations and follow the doctor's advice.

The first rule is to take care of the immune system, because it is the weakness of the body's defenses that leads to the reproduction and activation of bacteria. For people with poor circulation, it is advisable to go for a therapeutic massage or do gymnastics.

You only need to wear high quality, comfortable and spacious shoes. After treating the fungus, make sure you disinfect all objects and surfaces in the house. It is advised to be less frequent in public places and always use personal shoes, towels, etc.

It is recommended to consume less sugar and eat properly. If the skin appears infected, see a doctor immediately for help. Timely treatment allows you to quickly get rid of the problem and prevent complications.