Symptoms and signs of athlete's foot

Fungus is a rather unpleasant infectious disease that is spread from one person to another. Moreover, this disease can get both women and men. Summer is undoubtedly the most beautiful season of the year, which tells us not only about relaxing and light T-shirts, but also about excessive sweat, as well as very open feet. This seemingly simple nuance acts as an excellent predisposing factor that helps spread completely different infections, including fungi. Symptoms of fungus on the feet may have been mentioned, or, altogether, a hidden feature.

The zones where this unpleasant disease can be caught can most often be distinguished due to the fact that in their territory people mostly move with bare feet, or at least take off their shoes. Foot fungus can easily be found in public baths or saunas, in swimming pools, bathing on the beach, changing rooms in gyms, and also in any beauty salon where the most common pedicure services are provided.

Main symptoms and signs

Itching and burning feet - signs of fungus on the feet

Often, toenail fungus, symptoms that begin to appear in the toenail area, can be seen with the naked eye.Why specifically nails? It is quite clear: nails have a large amount of a substance called keratin, which can perfectly feed any fungal infection.

The first sign of a fungal infection is a change in the color and shape of the nail: it can be yellow, red or brown, and the structure also changes. It is very problematic to cut the diseased nail plate, it can easily deform and constantly crumble, you can also see many cracks and stripes on the nail. Also, the color tone of the infected nail plate often depends on the type of fungal infection, such as yeast or mold. Fungal cream will help get rid of this problem.

The nail plate immediately begins to show a reaction to the infection, and the result of all this is keratinization: the nail becomes thicker, which is why quick treatment is impossible.

But this is not all. Fungal infections continue to manifest themselves and go beyond the fingers and toes - this can be seen due to redness, itching and burning, in certain advanced situations, the formation of vesicles with inflammation and deformation can be observed. This stage of the disease can leave many serious ulcers and erosions.

But the most detailed information about the symptoms of fungal diseases cannot report with 100% accuracy about this or that type of fungus.

As you know, the types of fungal diseases today are presented in large numbers, and the symptoms of fungus on the feet remain the same or almost the same. Because of this, the best solution is to undergo a medical examination, where the damaged nail area is studied exclusively in a laboratory environment. It will help identify the disease.

To have a clear idea of what a fungal disease in the foot area looks like, you must familiarize yourself with the basic symptoms, including:

  • skin redness;
  • peeling skin;
  • bubbles filled with liquid;
  • changes in the color and structure of the nail plate;
  • deformation, delamination of nails.

Not in every case, such conditions indicate that this is a fungal disease of the feet. The signs can easily mark a completely different scab. Only an experienced doctor can make an accurate diagnosis. Differentiation is done with many different skin diseases: from eczema and lichen planus, to psoriasis and others. Sometimes it is also important to know not only the symptoms, but also to conduct tests.

Exfoliation of the skin on the feet with fungus

In general, it is quite easy to determine the type of fungal disease, knowing the symptoms. However, when the disease has not gone beyond the nail plate, it is necessary to determine the type of onychomycosis in order to choose the right medicine and quickly eliminate this unpleasant disease. Three types of fungal diseases cause deformation of the nail plate, and the symptoms will be different. It depends on which subspecies of the disease the nail has, and there are several of them:

  1. Dermatophyte is a fungal disease that produces yellow-gray-white spots with an uneven base. In the early stages, spots form on the border of the nail plate. The edges may also peel off the skin and have a yellow color.
  2. Yeast disease acts as a disease in which the nail plate gets a dark or blackish color with a yellowish mixture. The structure begins to acquire waves, and the edges break. Distinctive features can be called severe redness, swelling, and with a little physical exercise in the affected area, you can feel pain. In the middle of the nail roller, a purulent mass often accumulates, and its rupture can be the reason for the addition of other infectious diseases.
  3. Fungal infections can easily be provoked due to weak immunity after a cold infection. The nail plate, when deformed by mold, can have various colors. In addition, you can see the formation of cloudy cloudy spots. The main feature in this situation can be considered the fact that the nail itself can separate from the base and delaminate, preserving its structural integrity.

Prevention of foot fungus

The first thing that contributes to the formation of a fungal infection is increased foot sweat, when a person wears closed shoes continuously. The patient must remember that fungal diseases can easily withstand low temperatures, even after freezing, he still saves himself as the causative agent of the disease.

High temperature easily fights this disease, so as a preventive measure on the feet, it is better to use boiling. If the clothes are processed in this way, plus ironed, then the fungal disease will simply disappear. To disinfect shoes, you can use formaldehyde: if you use this solution, then within 20 minutes the infection can attack.